The history of Taiwan has been that of an independent island that many nations have coveted and wanted to colonize. Many did colonize parts of it, including the Netherlands, Spain, the French, the fleeing Ming loyalists under Zheng Cheng-gong (Koxinga), and the Manchu Qing. However, Japan was the first nation to colonize the whole island (1895-1945). The latest nation that wants to claim Taiwan is the People's Republic of China (PRC).
The People's Republic of China (PRC) claims that Taiwan is a "renegade province" that must be "reunified" at any cost. While threatening the people of Taiwan with 1400+ missiles aimed in their direction and refusing to renounce the use of military force, China has also attempted to isolate Taiwan internationally, blocking its full membership in organizations such as the United Nations and World Health Organization. As a result of China's belligerence, many nations, including the United States, do not formally recognize Taiwan. Instead, the US has a "One China" policy regarding China and an "undecided" policy regarding Taiwan. This fails to acknowledge the reality that Taiwan is an independent & sovereign nation. Making matters worse, the Ma Administration & KMT have done little to protect Taiwan.
Taiwan is an independent, democratic, sovereign nation with its own government, its own territory and its own military. The people of Taiwan have elected their president in a multi-party state democracy since 1996. China's campaign of "reunification" and "anti-secession" is nothing more than a propaganda effort to annex its democratic and prosperous neighbor.
Taiwan has been a part of the People's Republic of China since...never
Taiwan has been occupied by multiple powers (listed above) in the last four centuries. However, it has *never* been occupied by the PRC, a communist dictatorship whose rampant and systematic abuse of human rights are well-documented.
A casualty of World War II: What Happened to the Taiwanese?
Prior to World War II, Taiwan was administered by the Japanese for half a century. Upon Japan's surrender in 1945, Taiwan was occupied by the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT or Kuomingtang), which had lost the Chinese Civil War *in China* to the Communists and fled to nearby Taiwan. The Allies appointed the KMT as temporary administrators on Taiwan and deemed the status of Taiwan "undetermined." The KMT established martial law in 1949 and ruled Taiwan with an iron first for nearly 50 years.
The evolution of Taiwan's democracy: The Taiwanese people demand freedom.
Through the efforts of the Taiwanese peopleŚmany of whom sacrified their lives for the dream of democracyŚmartial law was finally lifted in 1987, which paved the way to a direct presidential election in 1996 and a peaceful transfer of power from the KMT to the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) in 2000. In 2008, the KMT was elected back into power.
Through all this, Taiwan has never been part of the People's Republic of China.
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